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Do you need a letter for Continuing Education Points with your accrediting body?: 
If YES, please write which organisation you need a CEC letter for: 
1. What type of posture is pictured above?: 
2. Which 3 muscle/muscle groups are likely to be tight in a person with this posture?: 
3. Name 3 muscles would you aim to strengthen in a person with this posture?: 
4. Which of these is not a sign of joint hypermobility?: 
5a) Please write the name of the condition which the outer layer of the disc splits open and the inner gel like substance of the disc squeezes out and usually compresses the spinal nerves. : 
5b) Please write the name of the condition which loss of fluid from the disc over time from general wear and tear, which narrows the distance between the vertebrae. : 
5c) Please write the name of the condition which the outer part of the disc remains intact but the gel like substance of the disc presses out against the back wall of the disc, and may or may not press on the spinal nerves.: 
6. a. What specific movements and positions should be avoided in Pilates for a person with disc problems? : 
6. b. What spinal position is best for a person with disc problems- neutral or imprint?: 
7. What is sciatica?: 
8. What is the name of the position that needs to be avoided for anyone with sciatica?: 
9. Which of these is not a stabilising muscle of the hip?: 
10. What are the 2 functions of the transversus abdominus?: 
11. Which of these is NOT a stabilising muscle of the scapula?: 
12. Name the main muscle that is likely to be weak which allows a scapula to wing or stick out away from the ribcage.: 
13. Which of these is NOT a sign that indicates POOR STABILITY and weak gluteus medius during a single leg stance test?: 
14. Which of the following is NOT an indication that someone may have a weak iliacus muscle?: 
15. Describe a neutral spine: 
16. Describe an imprinted spine: 
17. What muscle will stop the hips from rocking in bent knee fallout?: 
18. In Pilates breathing, where should the client direct their breath whilst inhaling? And why do we direct the breath into this particular area and not the stomach?: 
19. What is the main reason why we exhale on the effort for most Pilates exercises?: 
20. Which 2 muscles does the T-zone refer to?: 
21. Name the 3 types of learning styles.: 
23. Which of these is not a sign you might observe on someone performing an exercise that is fatiguing or in pain?: 
24. State 2 ways to look after your own health and safety as a Pilates instructor.: 
25. State 2 ways to look after the health and safety of your Pilates clients.: 
26. During a quad stretch with the foot up behind you on the wall, name 1 way you could increase the stretch.: 
27. Whilst performing a hamstring stretch, should you have a neutral spine or an imprinted spine?: 
28. Which of the following is not a muscle that is stretched in the Spiral Stretch: 
29. What 2 conditions are contraindicated (absolutely not allowed) to perform a rolldown stretch?: 
30. How wide should a person take their knee out to the side during a Bent Knee Fallout?: 
31. In the exercise Lift Foot, do we inhale or exhale as we lift the foot?: 
32. If a person doing Leg Slides can’t slide their leg very far before arching their lower back, which muscles are likely to be weak?: 
33. Which of the following is NOT a modification or correction which could be made to stop a person’s hips from rocking during Single Leg Circle.: 
34. If a person has a sore shoulder, what modification could you make to an abdominal curl so as not to hurt their shoulder?: 
35. For hundreds modification 2 – which of the following is not a concentration or technical point?: 
36. What are the 2 prerequisite exercises before attempting criss cross?: 
37. Name 2 exercises that stem from the hundreds exercise and include being in the hundreds position at some point throughout the exercise.: 
38. Name 2 ways to tell if someone is letting their t-zone and obliques relax during toe taps. : 
39. Which exercise below is generally safe to perform with a disc bulge? : 
40. If a person’s neck was hurting whilst performing hundreds, name 4 corrections or modifications you could make to change this.: 
41. Which muscles group needs to be flexible to perform Freestyle legs?: 
42. How would you modify the Pelvic Curl Up for somebody who has a disc bulge?: 
43. Which of the following is NOT a goal of the Pelvic Curl Up exercise? : 
44. A person who has presented with a degenerative disc, and is very lordotic in her lumbar spine. She is coming to Pilates purely to strengthen her lower back, is weak in all of her abdominal and buttock muscles. Name the most important stretch that you should do with her.: 
45. For the above person, which of these exercises is NOT an exercise you would try with her on her first session.: